Long Term Courses

Features of Kshitij Education India’s Live Online Coaching for Board Exams

  • 397 Students score 90% + in CBSE-XII Board 2015
  • 542 Students score 10 CGPA in CBSE-X Board 2015
  • Golden Opportunity for students to be trained by IITians & Doctors
  • Well Structured Time Table
  • Full Course Curriculum covering whole syllabus
  • Regular Doubt Removal Classes
  • Precise Algorithm & Tricks to solve problems quickly will be discussed

Attend Free Demo Class Now

Contact Number
Email ID
09643516426 operations_kei +91 9555288846


Substituents Can Affect Both the Reactivity of the Ring and the Orientation of the Incoming Group

Electron-Donating and Electron-Withdrawing Substituents

Whether a substituent is an activating group or a deactivating group, and whether it is an ortho–para director or a meta director, depends largely on whether the substituent donates electrons to the ring or whether it withdraws electrons.

  • All electron-donating groups are activating groups and all are ortho–para directors.
  • With the exception of halogen substituents, all electron-withdrawing groups are deactivating groups and all are meta directors.
  • Halogen substituents are weakly deactivating groups and are ortho–para directors.


Do you like this Topic?

Share it on

Online Classroom Program 1 on 1 Online Classes Correspondence Course Best Pool of Faculty Result Oriented Coaching Program

Welcome to Kshitij Education India

Our Guarantee:

We're so sure you'll have the time of your life with us, we back our courses with a 100% Satisfaction Guarantee.

If for any reason you aren't 100% satisfied with your classes in first 7 days, just let us know and we'll refund your fees. No questions asked.

And based on your feedback, we will take the necessary steps to ensure we never repeat any mistakes as such.

Live Chat